Over the centuries, Jesus Christ has been repeatedly restated. The story of Jesus Christ is thereby processed, that it is comprehensible for the respective time: In mosaics, sculptures, paintings, graffiti, and not least crucifixes. In the 20th century, the Jesus films happen that are also developing their own images of Jesus.
All these pictures show the most current meaning that Jesus has for the artist and the faith or has had. It is amazing how much the images of Jesus have changed.
By the end of the 2nd century – due to the Old Testament prohibition of images – to find no Jesus showing. Representations of the crucified Jesus do not exist in ancient times, because the cross was considered a place of shame. However, it is known a mocking portrayal of the 3rd century.
The classification is made here arose from a European perspective. Jesus pictures in Africa or South America were its own investigation or presentation value.
Jesus as the good shepherd
From the third Century use was made of the image of the good shepherd who gives himself in order to rescue the lost sheep. Oldest Jesus representations were able to on the subject of sheep carrier recourse, which was widespread in the ancient world and was seen as an allegory of philanthropy.
Teacher / philosopher
In. 4 Century appear representations of Jesus as a teacher. What is striking is the proximity to philosophers representations. The new self-confidence of Christians after the Constantinian shift is also reflected in the images.
Victorious fighters and world ruler
Influenced by the Byzantine Empire comes from. 6 Century the image on the ruler (Imperator and Pantocrator). Typical are the head that just looking at the viewer, the hand position of the right hand and the Book of Life in his left. It is the image of serious man, with the imperial emblems and unapproachable.
In the Middle Ages, especially in the Gothic period (13th-14th. Century.), The humanity of Jesus is taken, represented Christ as sufferer of pain and disfigured. With the suffering Christ, many people could identify. They found solace in the fact that they were bound by their own experiences of suffering with Christ.
In the Renaissance (15th / 16th. Century.), However, there was an optimistic start. The renewed focus on the ancient knowledge led to a major advance in the science and art.Accordingly, Christ is again increased by antique models as a hero (hero) or rulers displayed.Da Vinci, Dürer, Cranach and Brueghel designed many impressive works.
In the 17th / 18th centuries. Century. (Baroque) unfolds a colorful sensual style. Rembrandt’s masterpieces grab as many biblical scenes of the New Testament on.
Sacred Heart Pictures
This refers to the appearance of the bleeding heart of Jesus surrounded by a crown of thorns or glory. The gentle Jesus, the Nazarene naturalistically represented dominated the presentation.The motif also appears on the saints of the 18th / 19th Century (diminutive, kitsch).
Expressionism (the end 19 – the beginning of 20 century.)
Expressionism attempts to the essence of an object expressed. This does not happen by detailed mapping, but by change in shape and unconventional color choice. Example: Emil Nolde (1867-1956) “The Last Supper” (1909) or the “Life of Jesus” (9 images 1911/12).
20th century – abstraction, alienation, social
criticism. During the 20th century, there were many other interpretations of Christian motifs, also by artists who were not religious tradition and provocation, criticism and politics, scorn and admiration, despair and hope, see the works of its expression ..
It is not possible to bring the many attempts at a formal or substantive denominator. Many pictures show Jesus as a modern man who suffers from the social conditions.