The birth of Jesus
According to legend, Jesus was born in the night of 24 to 25 December in the year 0thFinally, we celebrate at Christmas and his birthday differ before and after the birth of Christ in the chronology. But even if the science does not know much about the birth of Jesus and his childhood, one thing is certain: Jesus is not on the night of 25/12.before the end of 0, which did not exist, was born.
December 25, the day of the winter solstice, was in many early cultures a special day. The Germans celebrated midwinter, also called Yule. The Romans celebrated the Saturnalia in honor of their god Saturn, the invincible sun god. Already 217 AD, the young Christian church tried under Pope Hippolytus with the determination of the birth of Christ festival on the 25th of December to influence the pagan custom of the Romans. The Saturnalia should be converted to a Christian festival – initially without success.
When the Roman Emperor Aurelian introduced the pagan Sun Festival “Natale Solis Invicti” (birth of the invincible sun) as a state holiday in the year 275, it tried again Christians and dated the birth of Jesus (“Natale Christi”) on the same day. The Christians called Jesus at different places in the Bible as “the invincible sun,” the “true light of the world” (John 8.9) and the “sun of righteousness” (Malachi 3:20) – a clever move, the blurred boundaries of pagan and Christian religions permit. But could eventually prevail, the Christian church in the 4th century. In 7th and 8th centuries came to celebrate on December 25, the custom of the birth of Jesus Christ, also in our regions.
The Historical Jesus
Jesus is probably born around 4 or 6 BC in Nazareth and raised together with his siblings (mentioned by name are not his brothers James, Joses, Judas and Simon, his sisters are not named) and his parents, Joseph and Mary, in a small village on.His entire family was Jewish. It is fairly certain that Jesus, as his father was a builder, and a few years worked in this profession. His native language was Aramaic, he probably also learned Greek and Hebrew later. He could, despite its presumably short schooling, read and write. Over the years he developed an impressive linguistic abilities, because only so he could formulate his philosophical parables and meaningful sayings.
Jesus is a preacher
The decisive turning point in the life of Jesus is the encounter with John the Baptist.Jesus is convinced of his message so that he whose movement that calls to repentance and believes that the Messiah will soon appear, adjoins and is baptized.He leaves his old life behind him, leaving his family and friends and devoted henceforth only religion. Soon he begins to preach itself and gathers a growing group of followers. Finally, he separates himself from John and is a freelance preacher.
His charisma and expressiveness let him quickly become a sort of local celebrity. His new, something freer and often revolutionary interpretation of the Jewish Scriptures comes in many people of his time to good. In his sermons, he aimed at all sections of the population and not only to the outcasts, the sick and the poor, as it is often portrayed. He presents himself with all people on an equal footing, eats and drinks with them and talks about the “kingdom of God”.
Jesus always preached in public places and was therefore known far beyond the borders of Galilee. It is believed that he was regarded by the traditional Jewish community as a threat because of its revolutionary interpretation of the Jewish Scriptures. The troublemakers had to be cleared away. He was arrested not by the Romans themselves, but by the Jewish leadership likely that eventually handed him over to the Romans. The end of the story is known: Pontius Pilate condemned Jesus to death by crucifixion.
In the Bible we find four different versions of the life and ministry of Jesus. The four evangelists Mark, Matthew, Luke and John wrote many years after Jesus’ crucifixion, approximately between the years 70 and 100, their texts about Jesus.However, it was not so much about his family, friendships, love affairs, his childhood or his youth and more about his time as a minister, his religious message, and his wonders that he should have done. About his actual life is very little reported. Although the four Gospels in the New Testament are only partially coincide and sometimes very sketchy, they still form the foundation of the Christian faith.